Best Photo Printers 2020 – Reviews & Buyer’s Guide

1. HP Sprocket2. Canon Selphy CP8003. HP OfficeJet 7612


If you like taking a lot of pictures on your phone, during a holiday or if you’re a photographer in general– purchasing the best photo printer will help you print out the best photos in terms of quality.

Although, if you were to take pictures on your handheld device, and would like a printer that will produce several standard-size photos for albums, then you may need the best photo printer in India that’ll suit both the budget and your needs at the same time.

A printer that can wirelessly print out items is typically useful for those users who utilize their smartphones to take pictures. Printing pictures, during this modern era, is not something unusual therefore you won’t ever find a time where you will regret your choice of purchasing a photo printer.


After you’ve set a budget and how much you’re willing to spend for it, the next concern would be to select the best photo printer in India from a multitude of options available in the market. As each day passes by, companies seek out innovations which make the whole industry quite competitive.

Such companies are marking their territories by adopting and implementing new features to their products. Nevertheless, one aspect that’ll never change in a photo printer – is its utility.

You should clearly understand why you require a photo printer in the first place. By doing so, you’ll save time, energy and avoid regretting in the near future since the ‘brand new’ model meets your needs.

These devices are offered in a wide array of sizes and shapes i.e from budget-level photo printers that are effortless to utilize, to portable printers and even to those photo printers that are created for professional purposes.

As mentioned, this would mean that regardless of what you’re searching for, you should find a particular model that suits all your needs. So ultimately, what can you get gain from this simple buying guide? Well, since we’ve accomplished the fact that there’s a massive range of photo printers found available, we’ll be looking through some of the important types, factors, elements and the top, best photo printers in 2020.

Inkjet Or Dye Sublimation Printers?

The very first concern all photo printer buyers must face boils down to a single matter of what they plan to print and the quantity needed on a regular basis.

Inkjet printers: these are convenient yet inexpensive digital photo printers that you can utilize for meeting photo printing requirements as well as printing other items such as assignments, documents, and any other type of materials. Typically, when people purchase printers for office purposes or domestic use, their need is not limited to printing photographs only, therefore this type of printer is a valuable investment since it provides adequate features to perform other tasks.

In fact, color inkjet printers tend to dominate the market because they basically print out just about anything you need: pie charts, essays, glossy photos, along with other materials. In addition, there are contemporary models along with the all-in-one models that are equipped with quick print speeds that challenge or even exceed their laser competitors.

Dye sublimation printers: these devices, in contrast, are created especially for photography reproduction purposes only. Hence, they rarely operate well when it comes to printing text materials i.e documents and articles.

Dye sublimation printers generate glossy prints in high quality and are perfect for professional documentarians and photographers. Despite the fact that these printers create the best quality photos, they are really expensive and are suggested to those users who aim to print a lot of photos at home. For a majority of the photographers out there, inkjet printers that have an affordable price tag will operate just fine.

You shouldn’t take so much pressure when it comes to deciding on an all-in-one printer or a standalone printer. As producers reveal new printer-only machines for office purposes, a majority of the brand new photo printers being revealed for home users are typically all-in-one models, therefore discontinuing the production of print-only models.

Moreover, If you’re intrigued in sustaining your family photos on paper rather than printing pie charts and homework assignments, do try opting for a committed (individual function. photo printer.

Even though they might lack flexibility and are not multitaskers, the print quality is much better and sometimes surpasses the quality of what you would usually obtain from a mail-order service or kiosk. However, the price you may need to pay for this sort of reliability comes attached to print cost.

A majority of the printers that are sold for dedicated graphics or photo purposes are wide format models that are created to print media materials up to 24 inches wide or are small-size machines that are preeminent in generating photos up to 4 x 6 inches, in terms of size.

Even so, the supplies for these sort of specialty printers are costlier than compared to those of a conventional multifunction printer. To demonstrate, both Epson and Canon have models that print off 8.5 x 11 inches and employ just about five to six colors of ink in order to generate photos that display a phenomenal color accuracy.
Also, several all-in-one units are efficient in printing out photos up to 8.5 x 11 inches as long as the right paper material is used.

Supply Charges

There used to an old mantra which states “give away the razor, sell the blades”? This ancient business model still reigns in the printer industry wherein a majority of companies attract consumers with remarkable low price tags on mostly all their budget printers and later over-milk them again and again especially when it comes down to replacing the finished ink cartridges with new ones.

We recommend studying the replacement supplies’ cost before you purchase the best photo printer so that you know what you’re opting in for whenever the first cartridges that are provided with the models run dry.

It’s a lot more valuable when you buy a costly printer that offers a cheap line of ink cartridges but then again, it all depends on how often you wish to print. Additionally, you should consider the possibility of refilling the initial cartridges since it costs significantly less than compared to purchasing new cartridges each and every time.

However, you should be aware of the fact that printer sellers implement miniscule chips to their cartridges which have the capability to track toner life or ink, therefore, making refilling a much more challenging task.

Lastly, try researching on the ink plans and the latest models. HP provides a quick Ink program that sends you alerts or cartridges whenever the ink runs low, automatically. At the same time, they guarantee to offer you a set amount of pages for a committed monthly fee.

Both Epson and Canon feature ‘ink tank’ units wherein users can fill ink cartridges using small bottles of ink, therefore, delivering a dramatic ‘economic cost’ per page. On the other hand, Brother brings you a plethora of printers with several cartridges in the box. This would avoid users running out to purchase refills for some time in the near future.

Duplexing (Printing/Scanning Both Sides Of A Single Page

Automatic duplexing is a feature which is very popular these days since it offers such a great benefit to all users. In layman terms, duplexing is basically scanning or printing both sides of a single page without having the user to flip over the page manually.

Several all-in-one units that have a scanner integrated into it are equipped with an automatic document feeder (ADF. and are capable of duplexing. This allows users to scan a page’s both sides as the document starts going through the ADF. An all-in-one model that doesn’t come with an automatic document feeder won’t be able to duplex scan unless you flip the page over the scan glass manually.

Duplex scanning in photo printers is extremely reliable for those users who regularly scan pages that are two-sided such as pie charts or those pages from a magazine. Furthermore, duplex printing is now a standard which should be included in printer models since it helps users save trees and paper (especially when single-sided printing isn’t mandatory..

Networking Capability

Almost all printing units bring you several connectivity options. Usually, a USB connection has been the norm or convention interface for many years. Moreover, every computer has multiple USB ports integrated into them. Since USB is technically known for a short, direct link, it needs the AIO or printer to be situated near the laptop or PC.

However, there are a few wireless routers that beat USB ports these days. Many people love wireless options since they can link their computers to a printer device and therefore access a wireless printing connection on a home network.

On the other hand, a lot of contemporary printers can now be accessed by manifold devices through a network. One great example is via Ethernet. Ethernet is a great platform for users to switch in their network or link a cable to the router. In addition, Ethernet enables a quicker connection than compared to other networks.

Nevertheless, this setup is highly popular in office environments than compared to a household. Thereby, very few models in the low-end will incorporate an Ethernet port into their system.

Apart from all these options, Wi-Fi has started to take pursuit in this industry. As a matter of fact, it’s turned out to be the most demanding method for home networking. All the best photo printers sold to small businesses or homes have Wi-Fi capabilities implemented into them.

There is a brand new option available i.e Wi-Fi direct wherein it allows users to connect their printers to a laptop instantly if it’s being configured. This avoids the hassle of linking the printer to a network first. Wi-Fi can be used to pair up printers to many tablets, smartphones, and digital cameras but only if it has a mobile printing feature.

One example would be Apple’s AirPrint protocol. Some models include NFC (Near-Field Communication. wherein it allows you to link up your printer to either a tablet or smartphone directly by basically touching the device to a particular area on the printer.

The Cloud, PictBridge, And Memory Card Slots

If you want to print out photos, then try searching for a printer that includes in-built Bluetooth capabilities, memory slots, cloud-based support, or PictBridge. All these features will enable you to print out photos directly from a smartphone/device or camera thus avoiding the need to relay them to a computer first.

Memory cards found within the cameras can be removed and inserted into a slot on your printer. There are few printers that support the common SD card format (Secure Digital. and few printer models that have a multi-format card reader.

In regards to the cameras that are PictBridge-enabled, these devices can be connected into a printer by using the same USB cable which you generally utilize to link to a PC. But this is made possible only if your printer is being implemented with a USB port that’s PictBridge-enabled.

On the other hand, cloud-based connectivity enables users to transfer photos directly from Dropbox, Google Cloud Print, and any other internet-based services. We suggest you to not overvalue the practicality of these reliable features. In the end, you still may need to shift your photos to a PC in order to ‘unload’ your memory card and a majority of photographers may still need to reevaluate their prints on a larger screen before they start printing them.

AIOs and other full-fledged photo printers have started to provide internet-based features that allow users to gain access to photos that are stored on websites such as Google Drive, Flickr, Facebook, and Dropbox.

With this, users can even perform remote printing and obtain access to materials they wish to have. It’s important to note that if your printer isn’t paired up to the internet, it’ll be impossible to access the mentioned services or print remotely from devices such as a tablet or a smartphone.

Paper Handling

A majority of printers these days implement staunch feed trays in order to carry out printing tasks on unique papers with different weights or peculiar sizes. This makes it flawless and less challenging to deal with. You should think about the input side of the tray as well. For example, smaller trays will need users to add in the paper every day or on a frequent basis whereas a 250-page hopper only requires you to change it once in a month.

The best photo printer models that are focused towards a home office user can provide a second tray (optional.. This allows you to check stock, utilize a different paper stock, or maybe even double the capacity of paper so that you don’t have to keep refilling the supply as often as you should.

Color Claims, Resolution And Speed

A few years ago, it was relatively less-challenging for a printer maker to publish exaggerated claims on what users can expect as far as page yield from a toner or ink cartridge is concerned or how quick their printers operated.

Right now, almost all of the printer manufacturers conduct a set of tests that are created, standardized, and licensed by the International Standards Organization. The ISO test policies and protocols feature a level playing field. This means that all of the ratings and claims are generated by using similar test methods and similar document sets.

The hitch is that these document sets (which ISO standards use. are an archetypal type of documents utilized by a common business user. The practicality and applicability of these outcomes are impossible to consider, particularly if you print out graphics and photos mainly. This slows down a printer dramatically and even burns through the ink.

Therefore, you should use these measures as a foundation for comparing one photo printer with another. However, these specs are something which you won’t be experiencing much as you use the printer daily.

Before you go all out and invest your cash into an ideal photo printer, do research, read reviews and independent comments. If possible, try to view the actual printouts at a store and decide how quickly the printer operates or judge the appeal of the printed image.

If you have already decided on a particular brand, do check out that brand’s buying guides for the best photo printers as well in order to receive more clarity on the topic.

What Should I Keep In Mind Before I Purchase A Photo Printer?

Ink Quality

When you purchase a photo printer, do try placing yourself in a bigger perspective. It’s quite obvious on the fact that the ink is going deplete one day and would require a refill. Hence, an evaluation of the refill type and requirement is mandatory.

There are usually two categories of sources when it comes to producing inks for a color printer:
Inks that are pigment based
Inks that are coloring agent based

Pigment-based inks are remarkable when it comes to printing high-quality photographs because they are durable. The entire spectrum of colors is broad enough with these ink types, therefore, all the prints will be more accurate in terms of color and even brightly radiant.

Coloring agent based inks are a much affordable option but it requires you to sacrifice the print quality, sadly. What do we mean by when we say that it compromises quality?

Well, the coloring agent based ink is prone to light exposures while the pigment-based inks are resistant enough to withstand light exposure thus giving the best results. Overall, a coloring agent based ink has its own perks but if you expect professional quality photo printouts, then you can’t rely on this ink type since it doesn’t provide intensive colors.
Moreover, these colors tend to disappear when it gets exposed to light. The main perk is that if you use this ink for paper printing purposes, then it operates similarly to a laser printer which offers thin prints.

Printer Size

If your occupation demands a lot of commuting and you need printouts during your travel periods, then you should select a compact printer. Depending on your budget, if you’re ready to invest in something more, you can find out an insane number of phenomenal compact printers available in the market.

However, if you’re searching for the best photo printer to be placed at your office or home, then why not opt for a massive and sturdy printer device without facing the extra expense of paying for its portability.

These bulky machines can even bring you an advanced resolution quality. Ultimately, you should only select a compact printer only if you travel a lot.


Always avoid settling for a cheap, low-resolution printer model whenever you decide to purchase a photo printer. The reason being is that a low-resolution photo printer can only produce below-average quality photographic prints, therefore, purchasing such a printer would be a complete waste of time and money.

Rather than doing this, carry out an informed decision and purchase a printer which delivers a better resolution i.e a minimum of 4,800 x 1,200 dpi, at least. You can always opt for something even more but avoid settling for something less.


When it comes to speed, you don’t need to fret much since the quality is more of a priority. Although, users shouldn’t wait 5 minutes or more on a single print. This is certainly inefficient in the long run. Hence, before you evaluate which model is the best photo printer for your needs, read through the manual and test the speed of the printer when it starts printing the photos.


It can be a loss if you buy a photo printer that’s not compatible at all with your digital storage device. In fact, it would be completely horrendous. But it is possible. Thus, before you go out to purchase the best photo printer, do read up on the specifications and check to see if it’s compatible or not with the operating system of your device.

The Number Of Prints

Sometimes, even the best photo printers in India might incorporate a less suggested monthly duty cycle than the standard duty cycle which means that it will not be as great of an investment you thought it would be.

As we have covered all of the aspects and factors before purchasing a suitable photo printer, let’s dive into the top options.

Top 10 Best Photo Printers in India 2020

1. HP Sprocket Photo Printer

HP Sprocket Photo PrinterThe HP Sprocket photo printer is a fantastic printer built to adhere to your personal printing needs. This compact printer was developed to assist you wherever you commute therefore it is extremely portable since it can fit easily into your bag.

With this printer, you have the opportunity to generate stickable snapshots that are sized in 2 x 3 inches. This is perfect for those users who wish to capture moments or perform live photography and print the picture when the right moment strikes.

This model allows you to print social media pictures effortlessly since it has a great pairing feature that enables you to link up your social media profiles to the HP Sprocket App. This will allow any pictures taken online to be turned into colorful, vibrant prints.

Apart from the regular photo editing software found online, the HP Sprocket App brings you stunning customizing capabilities. Therefore, you can add emojis, fun text, cool borders and more. These effects can be seen on your printouts (stickers and snapshots..

When it comes to size, the printer weighs 170g only and is similar to the weight of a smartphone device. Moreover, this portable printer is powered up by a minute USB cable port and can go with you anywhere. However, before you start printing, we recommend charging your Sprocket printer for more than 25% in order to keep away from quality issues.

You can link the Sprocket photo printer to your tablet or smartphone device by using Bluetooth. Furthermore, you can download the HP Sprocket App which is easy-to-use and free of cost.
In order to obtain the best results, we suggest you utilize genuine HP ZINK photo paper that’s sticky backed. This material is uniquely created to offer glossy, radiant photos that display bright colors each and every time you print.


2. Canon Selphy CP800 Photo Printer

Canon SELPHY CP800 Photo PrinterThe Canon SELPHY CP8000 photo printer is a small, compact and gossamer photo printer which you can carry anywhere you go. This unit employs dye-sublimation printing technology so you can expect it to generate astounding lab quality (borderless or bordered. business card or postcard labels and sized photos with a professional touch and ranges up to 16.8 million colors.

As it implements printing technologies that are industry leading, the model is capable of producing borderless 4 x 6-inch photos that are instantly ready in about 47 seconds.

For convenience sake, the media is equipped with its own ink cartridge thereby you can change both ink and paper simultaneously. The model has a 2.5 LCD screen which allows you to preview, pick, and alter/adjust images in order to achieve optimum exposure and color balance.

In addition, this model features versatile connectivity. You have the advantage to print directly from camcorders, camera phones that are Bluetooth enabled (comes with a discretionary Bluetooth adapter., digital camera memory cards, and even PictBridge digital cameras; yet don’t require a computer at all.

Furthermore, the printer is engineered to automatically apply a fade and water-resistant coating to each image for protection purposes so that it can withstand humidity and sun damage.


3. HP OfficeJet 7612 Photo Printer

HP OfficeJet 7612 Photo PrinterThe HP OfficeJet 7612 photo printer is a must have since it’s designed to broaden your printing possibilities and comes with an affordable price tag. This model is developed to create marketing materials with a professional touch and is available in a multitude of sizes i.e 3 x 5 inches to 13 x 19 inches.

You can always depend on this unit since it promotes an energy/resource efficient performance in an ergonomic design along with a flawless wireless printing process.

What we like about this model is its sheer simplicity when it comes to handling large jobs in terms of volume and intensive printing tasks that are eased due to HP’s dependability. You can connect and print without facing any hassles in between regardless of where you are ( at the office or when commuting..

This model utilizes duplexing and saved paper up to 50 percent. Along with this, you can get premium access to cartridge recycling with HP Planet Partners. Apart from printing photos, this model has the capability to perform other tasks with ease such as copying, faxing and scanning. This certainly is an all-in-one yet compact photo printer which you should have.

Lastly, you can promote your business to potential investors with borderless brochures and flyers that dry quickly and last for many years.


4. Canon Selphy CP1300 Photo Printer

Canon SELPHY CP1300 Photo PrinterWith a weight of 862g, the Canon SELPHY CP1300 photo printer not only produces photos that are dried quickly but also are water-resistant and will continue to look amazing for up to 100 years.

This printer saves you the trouble of connecting your smartphone with a cable since it implements a simple process of linking up your smart device such as phones and tablets with the Canon Print App3. You can now print photos directly via a camera’s memory card or using a USB port.

The Canon SELPHY CP1300 unit is competent in merging images (up to a maximum of 8 smart devices. in order to create a beautiful collage within a single picture. This printer also supports wireless printing services such as Mopria Print Service and AirPrint.

The model comes with a 3.2 inch LCD screen that’s tilted up for better clarity and viewing. Additionally, the brand new 2×6 inch layout feature includes a distinctive versatility layer. This allows users to generate printouts using their own photo booth style.


5. Canon Pixma MX922 Photo Printer

Canon Pixma MX922 Photo PrinterCanon PIXMA MX922 printer showcases superior quality in terms of construction and material. What’s more, is that it integrates multiple wireless capabilities to both homes and offices. In fact, this model has an in-built WiFi system that enables users to print and scan practically anywhere in your office/home.

It even supports the AirPrint service which allows you to wirelessly print from devices such as iPhones, iPads, or even iPods. By using a Dual Function panel and a 35-sheet Duplex Auto Document Feeder, it can conduct multiple tasks all at once without overloading or breaking down.

Even so, the MX922 even includes an advanced 250 sheet plain paper cassette that operates in high-capacity. This allows you to dedicate yourself to work and not run after paper when it’s over. This certainly enhances the overall office efficiency to a whole new level.

This printer includes a wired LAN interface that allows you pair up an office or home network, with connected PCs that are capable of accessing sharing printer functions and even display the status of the printer any time.

You can now print easily from your Google Docs and Gmail account on a smartphone or directly from browsers such as Google Chrome for Windows, Mac, Chrome and Linux devices. With the effective Google Cloud Print, you can print out materials remotely or from different applications, you utilize daily. Furthermore, you have the liberty to share your work and home printers with anyone you wish to connect with.


6. Canon Pixma G2012 Colour Printer

Canon Pixma MX922 Photo PrinterThe all-new Canon PIXMA G2012 printer weighs up to 6kg and is certainly heavy but definitely worth every buck. This model is acknowledged for its low-cost printing, scanning and copying schemes and for its high volume task production.

The unit carries out an excellent performance level and at the same time, reduces the operating costs effectively. This is a plus point since you don’t need to worry about the daily expenditure and continue to print as many photos as you want.

The machine has ink tanks that are integrated within the system – all within a compact printer body. As a matter of fact, these ink tanks are equipped with high visibility and offers the facility to monitor the ink levels, therefore, allowing you to plan out the refill accordingly and not waste too much of your time.

Apart from ink tanks, the model has a smart 1.2-inch panel design that makes it extremely easy for the printer to carry out operations such as generating several scans or copies with maximum ease.


7. HP Sprocket Plus Instant Photo Printer

HP Sprocket Plus Instant Photo PrinterThe HP Sprocket Plus photo printer is designed to quickly print stickers or snapshots that are 30 percent huger than compared to the genuine Sprocket’s. This is all done by utilizing the most svelte printer available on the market.

When it comes to size, the model weighs about 204g. Surprisingly, it weighs about the same size of a smartphone device which makes it extremely portable and lightweight hence fits easily into a backpack or a pocket.

You can bring this printer to events and serious meetings which can be useful since colleagues can link up their devices with the printer via Bluetooth 4.0 connectivity. However, it is essential to download the HP Sprocket app first.

Moreover, you can pair up your social media accounts to this app and immediately print out your online photos in beautiful color prints.


8. Epson PictureMate PM-520 Photo Printer

Epson PictureMate PM-520 Photo PrinterThe Epson PictureMate photo printer is what you need in order to store precious memories at home. This model is exceptionally portable, compact, smart and has all the necessary features in order to assist you in printing comfortably.

The PM520 is engineered to bring you your very own ‘personal’ photo printer. This would allow you to print safely without requiring the need for an outsourced printer. Also, it’s designed to print out photos of multiple sizes that can range from borderless 4R to 5R and even includes an A5 paper type.

You can enjoy the convenient experience of printing effortlessly over WiFi and WiFi Direct facilities – all within a single tap on the screen. We recommend you to use the Epson iPrint app in order to print photos, web pages, PDFs and even documents.

The model has a 6.9cm screen which is easily adjustable and includes a USB 2.0 port along with an SD card slot in order to enable you to take a quick look at the photos and add in the necessary effects without using a PC. This makes the entire photo printing procedure reliable and less-tedious.

Due to the high-quality printing capabilities along with its portability feature, the PM520 unit is a must-have choice for professional photographers especially when it comes to carrying out an effective compact photo printing procedure.

One other great feature includes borderless 4R photos that are produced in about 36 seconds. This means that users can print all the necessary snaps quickly. This model offers a remarkable resolution of 5760 dpi and ensures all pictures are given clarity.


9. Epson L805 Single-Function Photo Printer

Epson PictureMate PM-520 Photo PrinterThe Epson L805 photo printer is a machine which includes different capabilities in order to provide a high-quality printing experience. The L805 unit is being implemented with a Wi-Fi facility and brings you a wide range of colors from 6 ink tanks. This would make it less challenging since you can print directly by using mobile devices over a wireless network. It leads to high lab-quality photos at your convenience and lower printing costs.

The all-new Epson Ink tank system is created in order to produce high print volumes. It can yield up to 1800 photos with 4R paper material and elevate the overall productivity than compared to its rival counterparts.

In addition to the ink tanks, the Epson photo inks are used to produce the most accurate and colorful photo prints. Since the ink is manufactured by Epson, you don’t have to worry about accurate and consistent colors after several weeks of storage.

What we like about this model is its wireless printing feature that’s connected easily with your Android or iOS devices. By using iPrint, you have the privilege to print web pages, photos, documents, and PDFs over the office or home network.

Moreover, you can avoid costly adhesive labels since the Epson L805 can help you print out directly onto the surface (printable area. of your CDs/DVDs thus saving you costs in the near future.


10. Canon PIXMA TS6220 Photo Printer

The Canon PIXMA photo printer is set out to produce great high-quality documents and photos at your very own home. The model displays convenient features such as wireless printing that’s versatile and compatible with Macs and PCs along with smartphones that operate on Android, iOS, or even Fire OS.

This machine has the potential to create documents or photos on multiple paper sizes such as 3.5″ x 3.5″, 4″ x 4″, 8″ x 10″, legal (8.5″ x 14″., letter (8.5″ x 11″., and many more. Moreover, it can print up to 10 images per minute (ipm. in color and 15 images within a single minute (ipm. in black. In order for printouts to be crisp and vibrant, the model offers resolution up to 4800 x 1200 dpi. You can even print from USB connections and drives.

Apart from its various sizes, the model even prints on multiple types of paper such as plain paper, matte paper, high-gloss paper, greeting cards, envelopes and T-shirt transfers. You can save a lot of money and paper by printing both sides of a single sheet since the unit supports duplexing.

Apart from printing, this printer has other capabilities such as scanning. The flatbed scanner can scan photos and documents with an optimal resolution of 1200 x 2400 dpi. The scanner even features the potency to perform auto scans, attach emails and generate multi-page PDFs.



Overall, there are a lot of photo printer models available which adhere to your specific printing needs but as long as you decide on your goals and purpose of using such a printer then picking the ‘best photo printer’ will be a piece of cake.

Furthermore, it all depends on whether you’re searching for connectivity, budget, or quality as the primary selection criteria. It’s recommended to perform a thorough study before you decide to purchase an ideal printer that’ll meet your photo printing needs.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *